# Uploading files

Lighthouse allows you to upload files using a multipart form request as defined in graphql-multipart-request-spec (opens new window).

# Setup

In order to accept file uploads, you must add the Upload scalar to your schema.

"Can be used as an argument to upload files using https://github.com/jaydenseric/graphql-multipart-request-spec"
scalar Upload
  @scalar(class: "Nuwave\\Lighthouse\\Schema\\Types\\Scalars\\Upload")

Once the scalar is added, you can add it to a mutation.

type Mutation {
  "Upload a file that is publicly available."
  upload(file: Upload!): String

# Handling file uploads

Lighthouse accepts multipart form requests that contain file uploads. The given file is injected into the array $variables as an instance of \Illuminate\Http\UploadedFile (opens new window) and passed into the resolver.

It is up to you how to handle the given file in the resolver, see the Laravel docs for File Uploads (opens new window).

The field from the previous example can be implemented like this:

namespace App\GraphQL\Mutations;

final class Upload
     * Upload a file, store it on the server and return the path.
     * @param  array<string, mixed>  $args
    public function __invoke(mixed $root, array $args): ?string
        /** @var \Illuminate\Http\UploadedFile $file */
        $file = $args['file'];

        return $file->storePublicly('uploads');

# Client-side Usage

In order to upload a file, you must send a multipart/form-data request. Use any of the available client implementations (opens new window) or look at the specification examples (opens new window) to roll your own.

If you are using the EnsureXHR middleware to protect against CSRF, add the header X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest to your request.

To test the example above, prepare a file you can upload.

echo "test content" > my_file.txt

Then, send a request to upload the file to your server:

curl localhost/graphql \
  -F operations='{ "query": "mutation ($file: Upload!) { upload(file: $file) }", "variables": { "file": null } }' \
  -F map='{ "0": ["variables.file"] }' \
  -F 0=@my_file.txt

# Testing

Refer to testing file uploads in PHPUnit.